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News

St. Petersburg: the city without retail

Some St. Petersburg officials assert the rules of the non-stationary distribution sites, forcing businesses to give up their activities; others are trying to improve these rules. Butsofarthesechangescameoutratherdecorative.

The perpetual question: to be or not to be for the stalls and kiosks in St. Petersburg, is on agenda again. The officials updated this topic. As far back as last year, the Committee on City Property Management (KUGI) developed the St. Petersburg government decree № 1045 - the main document, regulating the work of non-stationary commercial objects. The decision came into force in autumn 2012. Employers pay attention of the authorities to the fact, that some of the items of the document transferred the fast food stalls and farm products shops to the category of illegal jobs.

The officials started working on eliminating of the contradictions, existing in the decision, only in 2013, after the formation of the Committee for Enterprise Development and the Consumer Market (KRPPR). By July of this year, KRPPR calculates to bring order to the small-scale non-stationary retail, as the resolution in its current form can remove more than a third of small retailers from the market. As the head of the committee Elgiz Kachayev told recently, the final version of the amendments will be prepared by that time.

Under the cover of probability

The first claim of the business community is the probability standard of retail space. Entrepreneur may be denied inclusion in the address program of the placement of trading objects, if the area in which it intends to open a shop already reached full bar.
According to the business representatives, document contains other requirements that are driving small retailers in distress. For example, the inclusion in the target program may be made only once a year, and retail facilities are located for an indefinite term - again based on the standards of security area of retail space.

According to estimates of the UK "Finam Management", the volume of retail sales of microenterprises of Northern capital is about 125 billion rubles, of which at least one-third accounted for by non-stationary retail - tents, booths, etc. Thus, a third of small-scale enterprises in the city get under the new rules.

Thus formally Petersburg does not need new kiosks and small shops. So, according to the standards of Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, in 2012, the minimum standard of availability of shopping facilities in the area of the city is 600 square meters per 1 thousand citizens.

According to KRPPR, on January 1, 2013 it reached 1035 square meters per 1 thousand people - far more than in Moscow (784 sq. m.). Petersburg in this plan even can be compared with the European and American standards. For example, in Berlin, the figure is 1.7 thousand square meters, in Los Angeles - 1.8 thousand.
However, the regulations do not distinguish between Ministry of Industry trade area by type of business - these figures take into account not only the small shops, but also large shopping malls owned by retailers. Meanwhile, the share of small business in the retail sector has been steadily declining.